Cuban music blends Spanish and African influences. The Spanish introduced
instruments such as a violin and the guitar. The Africans brought Yoruba songs, rhymthms, and drumming. The two traditions
had come together and formed what is now called the mambo, the guaracha, the rumba, the cha cha, and there also
is the salsa.
The first poet to voice Cuban longing for freedom was Jose Maria Heredia.
Jose Maria Heredia is considered as Cuba's greatest writer. The song "Guantanamera" is based on a poem by Marti. It has became
the famous song in the world over and is considered the unofficial anthem of Cuba.
Visual artists and writers have expressed oppostition to the government
through what they do, like art. When doing a play, the play often criticizes current government policies by illustrating
Cubans hardships throughout their life. Ballet is also very popular in Cuba. Ballerina, Alicia Alonso had founded the
Ballet Nacional de Cuba in 1948, and later on, her husband, Fernando Alonso had founded the Camaguey Ballet.